The Chinese-style main hall of Kofukuji, the earliest Chinese temple in Nagasaki. Nagasaki’s Western connection is only part of its story. However, it has been so emphasized that it often overshadows the influence of the Chinese. It is said that at its peak in the 17th century, the Chinese community counted nearly 10,000 residents, about one-sixth of the city’s population. Furthermore, records show that in 1688, nearly 200 Chinese vessels sailed into Nagasaki Bay: an extraordinary number compared with the handful of Dutch ships that arrived each year. You can start to explore the Chinese face of the city by visiting to Shinchi, one of Japan’s three great Chinatowns.